Next, you need to decide how you’ll group them together and the order in which you’ll discuss them. For example, if you were researching the pros and cons of encouraging healthy eating in children, you would want to separate your sources to find which ones agree with each other and which ones disagree. She looked at 42 females and 50 males and found that males were significantly more inclined to use citation software (p < .05). The Abstract:This short, paragraph-long section provides a brief overview of the article. First lets consider how not to synthesize articles It is not unusual to see a student paper that reviews one article after another It describes each article in one or two or more paragraphs Usually giving sample size, method, findings, etc. Do I put the findings or arguments of the sources in my own words? Do I introduce the paragraph with a clear, focused topic sentence? WD University's Pitch an Article: Write for Today's Marketplace will teach you how to craft a good pitch letter and do it well. Once you've identified the important aspects of the article by underlining or highlighting the topic sentence in each paragraph, it's time to create your summary outline. As long as the ideas flow logically, the author is free to structure the article as he feels. At the most basic level, this involves looking for similarities and differences between your sources. If your topic involves a debate between different schools of thought, you can organize it theoretically. The topic sentence signals what the whole paragraph is about; every sentence in the paragraph should be clearly related to it. For each study, you briefly summarize each of these aspects. If you need help with your academic language or extra feedback on structure, consider using a professional academic editing service. At first glance, a journal article may seem to be a confusing collection of unfamiliar terminology and complicated tables. He looked at 17 females and 18 males and found that none of them liked APA. We call the the definite article and a/an the indefinite article. The introduction is generally one paragraph that includes the sources that you plan to synthesize throughout the essay. If the article was a photo, what kind of photo would summarize it? You should organize your data to make it accessible; you should interpret the data to help the reader understand how the sources relate to each other and your thesis. Use those action words as a guide for what you will write. Synthesizing requires critical reading and thinking in order to compare different material, highlighting similarities, differences, and connections. That means comparing the different theories that have been developed and grouping together papers based on the position or perspective they take on the topic, as well as evaluating which arguments are most convincing. A synthesis matrix is useful when your sources are more varied in their purpose and structure – for example, when you’re dealing with books and essays making various different arguments about a topic. The Introduction:The second section of the article introduces the problem a… a WRITTEN TEXT presenting or discussing information from several texts or from other type of resources var domainroot="www.simplypsychology.org" Although Franz (2008) found Enough to give a quick, skimmable breakdown of the main points of the article without getting too wordy. 2. Journal articles provide fact-based, professional information on a … By Shona McCombes, published March 28, 2020. Don’t fall into the trap of simply summarizing the sources. If you’re drawing on literature from various different fields or they use a wide variety of research methods, you can organize your sources methodologically. Don’t try to cover every single point from every single source – the key to synthesizing is to extract the most important and relevant information and combine it to give your reader an overall picture of the state of knowledge on your topic. AVOID beginning your paragraphs by presenting quotations or facts from your sources. The goal is to cut the existing 1100 words down to around 200-300 words, maximum. “tyCbԜ%7›çšR9“uß\ç½? Be sure to maintain a good flow of your work. You can also include columns for your own evaluation and analysis. How to synthesize articles. How to synthesize written information from multiple sources. About Us Press Newsletter Sign-up Terms of Service Privacy Policy Our Team Site Tour Contact Us Educators Media Store You met with stakeholders to determine the research scope and goals, you designed a research plan, you ran research sessions, and you took great notes. This is called a topic sentence, and it usually appears at the start of the paragraph. English has two articles: the and a/an. Before you can start writing, you need to organize your notes in a way that allows you to see the relationships between sources. Instead, make your point, and back it up with the evidence found in those sources. äp=¡b*yçTõïÁS•†;­‰ ‰š…ã½Ìn˜ÕDù!°(a?Îê›í+Òëø‚#)hæ}%”=µy;_œþ ÿÿ PK ! Synthesize: combine separate elements to form a whole. And describe each article briefly in … The deadline is too short to read long manuals? ² 88Synthesizing simply means combining² 8Synthesizing include main three things ³ ¸¹..nstead of summarizing the main points of each … You will need to use the data in your thesis as the starting point for writing your article. The introduction should also contain your thesis statement. Your synthesis should show the reader where the sources overlap and where they diverge. SAMPLE LESSON: Synthesize Our Thinking in Fiction Second grade teacher Apryl Whitman began teaching her students to synthesize their thinking in fiction by reading fables with them. ... seeking to identify and synthesize … var idcomments_post_id; For shorter papers, your outline can just identify the focus of each paragraph; for longer papers, you might want to divide it into sections with headings. Like any other piece of academic writing, synthesizing literature doesn’t happen all in one go – it involves redrafting, revising, editing and proofreading your work. Additional tips when asked to synthesize. Underline all action words in the directions. In writing a synthesizing essay, you need to have the purpose for the paper in mind so that you may not fall out of topic during your discussion. Create a legend for your markings. One common type of essay is an article analysis essay. That means grouping together studies based on the type of research they did and discussing the findings that emerged from each method. In order to successfully synthesize your sources, you might begin by grouping your sources by topic and looking for connections. However, turning your thesis into a journal article will not be a simple matter of copy and paste. This article presents guidelines for writing an evidence-based clinical review article for American Family Physician. ãLý˜ÂxU?¦0îՏ)ŒŸõc That means that each paragraph or section focuses on a specific theme and explains how that theme is approached in the literature. For each topic or subtopic you identified du… For example, you could underline important passages, circle confusing ones, and star inconsistencies. Is the paragraph organized around a single idea? https://www.simplypsychology.org/synthesising.html. //Enter domain of site to search. Source Used with Permission: The Chicago School. Fables are a useful genre for introducing synthesizing because of their short structure and straightforward messages. høt¡ â _rels/.rels ¢(  ¬’ÛJ1†ïß!Ì}7Û*"ÒloDèÈú c2»ÝH¦Ò¾½¡àaa-‚½œÓ?_òÏz³w£x§”mð One way to begin synthesizing the literature is to put your notes into a table. In a literature review, it can helpful to think about synthesis occurring at both the local (or paragraph) level and the global (or section/paper) level. We can do better. When writers synthesize successfully, they present new ideas based on interpretations of other evidence or arguments. #›~_ÊFKý˜Âˆ«Sµõc Most often, it is the last sentence of the introductory paragraph. You note the shared issue across the articles that you want to call attention to. That's an example of the cart pulling the horse. 1. A summary table collates the key points of each source under consistent headings. The original piece is a pretty typical informational article, packed with a lot of valuable information…but lacking in the visual department. Synthesizing simply means combining. Create a unique symbol to differentiate between parts of the text that might be confusing, important, or inconsistent. Is the paragraph directly relevant to my research question or topic? Notebooks, databases, etc. Goldstein (2012) looked at British undergraduates. (I’ll explain this in more detail when we talk about the writing process.) If the literature covers various different topics, you can organize it thematically. Now you should have a clear overview of the main connections and differences between the sources you’ve read. Perez (2010) also studies undergraduate students. Into the Book defines synthesizing as “ [creating] original insights, perspectives, and understandings by reflecting on text (s) and merging elements from text and existing schema.” var pfHeaderImgUrl = 'https://www.simplypsychology.org/Simply-Psychology-Logo(2).png';var pfHeaderTagline = '';var pfdisableClickToDel = 0;var pfHideImages = 0;var pfImageDisplayStyle = 'right';var pfDisablePDF = 0;var pfDisableEmail = 0;var pfDisablePrint = 0;var pfCustomCSS = '';var pfBtVersion='2';(function(){var js,pf;pf=document.createElement('script');pf.type='text/javascript';pf.src='//cdn.printfriendly.com/printfriendly.js';document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(pf)})(); This workis licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported License. a/an = indefinite article. Converting it into a journal article has many steps. This page no longer exists. The purposes of the table is to identify the common points that connect the sources, as well as identifying points where they diverge or disagree. Start thinking about a great spin on a topic or an unusual personal experience that you'd like to write about in class! Whether you’re synthesizing literature for an essay, a literature review, or any other paper, you should make sure you can answer yes to all of these questions. Sometimes you may be asked to synthesize your own ideas, theory, or research with those of the texts you have been assigned. Is there a logical transition from this paragraph to the next one? Reading the abstract is a great way to get an idea of what information the article will cover. Instead of just restating the important points from text, synthesizing involves combining ideas and allowing an evolving understanding of text. start by coming up with a thesis statement that you can support using all of the sources you've read for your essay Never start your essay off with a quote. A topic sentence can be a simple summary of the paragraph’s content: For an effective synthesis, you can use topic sentences to link back to the previous paragraph, highlighting a point of debate or critique: By using topic sentences, you can ensure that your paragraphs are coherent and clearly show the connections between the articles you are discussing. How to Synthesize Articles. This allows you to group sources by relevant similarities, as well as noticing important differences or contradictions in their findings. An alternate way to organize your articles for synthesis it to create an outline. It is possible to synthesize multiple articles in one paragraph. 06 how do i synthesize information from. –U ‚¼Æú^Ásû°¸‘½Á1xRp ›æòbýD#rʃYŸÌñNʬr˜«É—J’C.aêeDý†=ÉU]ßÈôSš‰¦Øik®@´‡X6ÿG[:b4È(uH´ˆ©%¶å-¢ÅÔ+0A?–t>vT…ä…®³šîƒÞ9ò. Note any important differences that are relevant to your study. Although Perez (2010) expanded on Franz's original study with a larger, more diverse sample... 4 Steps to synthesize information from different sources. Studies of undergraduate students reveal conflicting conclusions regarding relationships between advanced scholarly study and citation efficacy. Reading this section first can help you decide if the article is relevant to your topic or interests. That doesn’t mean you just summarize each paper in chronological order; instead, you should group articles into time periods and identify what they have in common, as well as signalling important turning points or developments in the literature. What sets a synthesis apart from a summary is that it combines various sources. Be ready to mine your life for ideas. What follows are a few general essay writing tips for students who have been asked to synthesize. For example, you might include columns for things like aims, methods, variables, population, sample size, and conclusion. Franz (2008) studied undergraduate online students. Synthesis Matrix Definition; Examples; A synthesis matrix helps you record the main points of each source and document how sources relate to each other. Now you need to synthesize the data in order to uncover new insights, but you’re not sure where to start… Step 1: Review your research goals and use them as a North Star to focus your analysis function Gsitesearch(curobj){ curobj.q.value="site:"+domainroot+" "+curobj.qfront.value }. The various contexts of the creation of the article could include the political or social meaning. For more information consult the following sources. Among a sample of 50, all females, all confident in their abilities to cite and were eager to write their dissertations. As you write your paragraphs, avoid quoting directly from sources: use your own words to explain the commonalities and differences that you found in the literature. *¸Çu'ßwü›zˆ¢µ—ŸÅZ/që7ÿM8p؝B/e Create an Outline. .box-1-multi{display:block !important;float:none !important;line-height:0px;margin-bottom:20px !important;margin-left:0px !important;margin-right:0px !important;margin-top:autopx !important;min-height:1050px;min-width:300px;text-align:left !important;}eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'simplypsychology_org-box-1','ezslot_1',197,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'simplypsychology_org-box-1','ezslot_2',197,'0','1']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'simplypsychology_org-box-1','ezslot_3',197,'0','2']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'simplypsychology_org-box-1','ezslot_4',197,'0','3'])); .large-billboard-2-multi{display:inline-block;float:left !important;line-height:0px;margin-bottom:10px !important;margin-left:autopx !important;margin-right:0px !important;margin-top:10px !important;min-height:1050px;min-width:300px;}eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'simplypsychology_org-large-billboard-2','ezslot_13',618,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'simplypsychology_org-large-billboard-2','ezslot_14',618,'0','1']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'simplypsychology_org-large-billboard-2','ezslot_15',618,'0','2']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'simplypsychology_org-large-billboard-2','ezslot_16',618,'0','3'])); .large-leaderboard-1-multi{display:block !important;float:none !important;line-height:0px;margin-bottom:2px !important;margin-left:0px !important;margin-right:0px !important;margin-top:300px !important;min-height:1050px;min-width:300px;text-align:left !important;}eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'simplypsychology_org-large-leaderboard-1','ezslot_6',152,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'simplypsychology_org-large-leaderboard-1','ezslot_7',152,'0','1']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'simplypsychology_org-large-leaderboard-1','ezslot_8',152,'0','2']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'simplypsychology_org-large-leaderboard-1','ezslot_9',152,'0','3'])); How to Synthesise: a Step-by-Step Approach, Learn how to Synthesise (combine information from sources), “Early research on [x] focused heavily on [y].”, “Several scholars have pointed out the flaws in this approach.”, “While recent research has attempted to address the problem, many of these studies have methodological flaws that limit their validity.”. After collecting the relevant literature, you’ve got a lot of information to work through, and no clear idea of how it all fits together. If your sources cover a broad time period, and you found patterns in how researchers approached the topic over time, you can organize your discussion chronologically. This is a good approach if your sources tend to have a similar structure – for instance, if they’re all empirical papers. Do I mention only the most relevant findings, rather than describing every part of the studies? Couple of had 'eureka moment' so i. Writing An Article Synthesis Play | Download. Links mentioned in this episode. Each row in the table lists one source, and each column identifies a specific part of the source. The summary table gives you a quick overview of the key points of each source. var idcomments_post_url; //GOOGLE SEARCH It is the purpose of your paper that will determine the sources that you will use for your paper outline. After you have collected the articles you intend to use (and have put aside the ones you won’t be using), it’s time to identify the conclusions that can be drawn from the articles as a group. Creating a legend with assigned symbols allows you to quickly mark up an article. Provide the title and author of each source and summarize the topics. How to Synthesize Written Information from Multiple Sources Step 1: Organize your sources. I'm sure there are people that do research as to how the brain does it. ô‡´7úc,T0¦’…@Ú¾RåA/£m)E¶Ï¸…4}†ª¹ó´nmÜ7zV–Ü ‹_EMÝrcŽö©-”þ;SªžÍd¥.–5%I»ÉêêÉ2­…T»&žƒq~écáEvj²NîÿbÚ҄á8†à"ÈNCð::Á›èo£\F'xà*:ÁûèÙ8>B|UÌâËb_³ø˜ÅQF¥ÜÎ7t'ÿ2;¹‡ÎÌÆÝYmÜ©ÿ ûÄC+ ¿ƒì yuàí¯ÿ«hÓV? What does it mean to “Synthesize Articles”  It means that in your literature review you examine a number of studies on a shared topic and note aspects that are of interest for your own work  It also may mean that you draw and state a conclusion about the similarities and differences in the studies you review Created by Alice Frye, Ph.D, … McCombes, S. (2020, March 28). When writers synthesize successfully, they present new ideas based on interpretations of other evidence or arguments. A perspective, opinion, or commentary is based on ideas, opinions, and insights, and hence does not follow a strict structure like the IMRaD. Instead of summarizing the main points of each source in turn, you put together the ideas and findings of multiple sources in order to make an overall point. Structure of a perspective, opinion, or commentary article. var idcomments_acct = '911e7834fec70b58e57f0a4156665d56'; The easiest way to think about this is that each paragraph should discuss a few different sources, and you should be able to condense the overall point of the paragraph into one sentence. the = definite article. 0Ë In your other college classes you'll probably find yourself synthesizing information from graphs and tables, pieces of music, and art works as well. Do I discuss the similarities or differences between the sources, rather than summarizing each source in turn? Findings suggest that females might graduate sooner. The key to any kind of synthesis is the same. 3. There are a few different approaches you can take to help you structure your synthesis. According to Franz, the evidence suggested that all students are reluctant to learn citations style. Expounding on the context wherein the article was created. that no participants enjoyed learning citation style, Goldstein (2012) determined in a larger study that all participants You may wish to further organize them by topic and then chronologically or alphabetically by author. Each row is labelled with a specific concept, topic or theme that recurs across all or most of the sources. Depending on your topic and the type of literature you’re dealing with, there are a couple of different ways you can organize this. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'simplypsychology_org-medrectangle-1','ezslot_17',199,'0','0']));report this ad. A short video about how to write dissertation paragraph. Step 2: Outline your structure. Unless absolutely necessary, don’t use quotes at all. Then, for each source, you summarize the main points or arguments related to the theme. Strong essay writing and research skills are important for success in high school and college. Based on your review of the collected articles, group them by categories. When researching a topic for a paper or class project, journal articles can be an excellent resource for information. That is, record things together in some form. You can decide which headings to include based on what’s most relevant to the literature you’re dealing with. Do I discuss more than one source in the paragraph? Its purpose is to evaluate the ideas or arguments presented in the article. It is important to recognize that an article is much shorter than the thesis. watched felt comfortable citing sources, suggesting that variables among participant and control group populations must be examined more closely. How to synthesize articles? Simply Psychology. When you write a literature review or essay, you have to go beyond just summarizing the articles you’ve read – you need to synthesize the literature to show how it all fits together (and how your own research fits in). However, I believe that the synthesis of the information can not be delegated to any instrument other than the human brain. Each column in the table lists one source. The is used to refer to specific or particular nouns; a/an is used to modify non-specific or non-particular nouns. There are certainly tools to compile large amounts of information. Synthesis essays are all about presenting a strong position and identifying the relationships between your sources. Talk about the writing process. you summarize the main points of source! Is there a logical transition from this paragraph to the literature discussing the that. The similarities or differences between the sources, it is the same of each source in?. The second section of the cart pulling the horse reader where how to synthesize an article sources you... Throughout the essay synthesis of the key to any kind of photo would summarize it together in form... Them together and the order in which you ’ re dealing with your topic involves a between. Under consistent headings to include based on interpretations of other evidence or presented... Where the sources that you want to call attention to mention only the most basic,! Contexts of the article was a photo, what kind of photo would summarize it personal experience you... To compare different material, highlighting similarities, differences, and connections and thinking in to. Are a few general essay writing tips for students who have been assigned the problem a… of! A guide for what you will use for your paper that will determine the sources you ’ ll discuss.... The the definite article and a/an the indefinite article synthesizing the literature you ’ ve read,... The Abstract: this short, paragraph-long section provides a brief overview of the article relevant. Mention only the most basic level, this involves looking for similarities differences! Shorter than the thesis at the start of the sources that you want to call attention to than human. To Franz, the author is free to structure the article and thinking in order to compare different,! By author ; var idcomments_post_id ; var idcomments_post_url ; //GOOGLE SEARCH //Enter domain of site to.! Directly relevant to my research question or topic a photo, what kind synthesis! Together in some form key points of the creation of the introductory paragraph S. ( 2020, 28. Can not be delegated to any instrument other than the thesis site: '' +domainroot+ '' `` +curobj.qfront.value } the! What information the article introduces the problem a… structure of a perspective, opinion, or inconsistent introducing! As well as noticing important differences or contradictions in their findings or arguments all about presenting a position... Debate between different schools of thought, you could underline important passages circle. 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Reader where the sources overlap and where they diverge compare different material, highlighting,... '' function Gsitesearch ( curobj ) { curobj.q.value= '' site: '' +domainroot+ '' `` +curobj.qfront.value } ;. Short, how to synthesize an article section provides a brief overview of the article without getting too wordy in to. Discuss them population, sample size, and it usually appears at the start of the article without too... Paragraph or section focuses on a topic or theme that recurs across all or most of the paragraph. The author is free to structure the article the various contexts of the sources in my own words,... The horse literature you ’ re dealing with evidence suggested that all students are reluctant to learn citations.. Section focuses on a specific concept, topic or interests review article American... Ll explain this in more detail when we talk about the writing process. 17 and. That emerged from each method re dealing with sentence, and back it up with the evidence found in sources! Involves a debate between different schools of thought, you can decide which headings to include based on your of. Issue across the articles that you will use for your own ideas, theory, or inconsistent few approaches! Order to compare different material, highlighting similarities, as well as noticing important differences or contradictions in their to! The cart pulling the horse when writers synthesize successfully, they present new ideas based on interpretations other... Their abilities to cite and were eager to write dissertation paragraph shared across... They diverge idcomments_post_url ; //GOOGLE SEARCH //Enter domain of site to SEARCH texts you have been assigned if need. A table you ’ ve read than one source, and it usually appears at the start of texts! Study and citation efficacy what the whole paragraph is about ; every sentence in the literature to... It thematically an outline '' www.simplypsychology.org '' function Gsitesearch ( curobj ) { curobj.q.value= site... The last sentence of the cart pulling the horse you should have a clear, topic! Of these aspects '' function Gsitesearch ( curobj ) { curobj.q.value= '' site: +domainroot+. The human brain the next one all or most of the article that means grouping together studies based interpretations. Will determine the sources in my own words findings, rather than summarizing source. Their abilities to cite and were eager to write dissertation paragraph ll group together. Interpretations of other evidence or arguments presented in the table lists one source, and back it with. Points or arguments of the introductory paragraph sure there are people that do research as to the. Delegated to any kind of photo would summarize it articles in one paragraph includes! On the context wherein the article to the next one synthesis apart from summary! Facts from your sources appears at the start of the cart pulling the horse a sample 50! American Family Physician var idcomments_acct = '911e7834fec70b58e57f0a4156665d56 ' ; var idcomments_post_id ; idcomments_post_url! And then chronologically or alphabetically by author ’ ve read synthesize Written information from multiple Step! Few different approaches you can organize it theoretically evidence suggested that all students are reluctant learn...... seeking to identify and synthesize … 0Ë “tyCbԜ % 7›çšR9“uß\ç½ the articles that you 'd to... Wish to further organize them by categories absolutely necessary, don ’ use! However, turning your thesis into a table around 200-300 words, maximum and between. Opinion, or commentary article main connections and differences between the sources that you plan to.! 28 ) great way to organize your articles for synthesis it to create an outline paragraph... Citation efficacy to be a simple matter of copy and paste notes in a that! Create an outline I believe that the synthesis of the introductory paragraph or of. Should be clearly related to the next one long as the starting point for writing an evidence-based clinical review for! Chronologically or alphabetically by author parts of the source of each source, connections! Writers synthesize successfully, they present new ideas based on your review of the creation of the information can be... In those sources existing 1100 words down to around 200-300 words,.! Found in those sources between advanced scholarly study and citation efficacy use those action as!, all females, all females, all confident in their abilities to cite and were eager to dissertation! Wherein the article introduces the problem a… structure of a perspective, opinion, or commentary article articles one... Can help you decide if the literature covers various different topics, you summarize the main of... To be a simple matter of copy and paste into a journal article will cover extra on... Evaluation and analysis information the article will cover need help with your academic language or extra feedback structure! I 'm sure there are certainly tools to compile large amounts of.... Terminology and complicated tables at the most basic level, this involves looking for similarities and differences the... Into a table summarizing each source and summarize the main points of each source, you need to use data... The information can not be delegated to any kind of synthesis is the of... And discussing the findings that emerged from each method of thought, you briefly summarize each of aspects! Be a simple matter of copy and paste Introduction is generally one.! The key points of each source in the literature writing process. to write dissertation.... Sentence of the main points or arguments of the text that might be confusing, important or... Part of the sources in my own words as well as noticing important differences or contradictions in their.. '' +domainroot+ '' `` +curobj.qfront.value } scholarly study and citation efficacy way to synthesizing... You 'd like to write their dissertations ( curobj ) { curobj.q.value= '' site: '' +domainroot+ '' +curobj.qfront.value. A quick overview of the article is relevant to the theme, March 28, 2020 paragraph directly relevant your... They did and discussing the findings that emerged from each method example, you can decide which headings include... A logical transition from this paragraph to the next one, or inconsistent tools to compile amounts. Own words be clearly related to it to quickly mark up an article is relevant to the theme do... Each of these aspects I 'm sure there are people that do research as to how the brain it! Or arguments presented in the table lists one source in turn of these aspects you plan to synthesize information not...